Click the “Check Your Answer” box below each question to reveal the correct answer and explanation.
1. A typical manufacturing company recognizes revenue
b. over the time the service is provided
c. when the customer pays for the goods
d. when the customer places an order
2. Revenue should be recognized when the seller is entitled to payment and
b. the seller is certain the buyer will not return the goods
c. the buyer has paid the seller
d. the performance obligation is complete
3. Which of the following is not considered for revenue recognition?
b. when the seller is entitled to receive cash
c. when the buyer takes control of the goods
d. when the seller provides the service to the buyer
4. What is the second step in the revenue recognition process
b. allocate the transaction price
c. identify the performance obligations
d. recognize revenue when the performance obligation is satisfied
5. Which of the following is NOT evidence that control has passed to the buyer?
b. The buyer has legal title to the asset
c. The seller has physical possession of the asset
d. The buyer is entitled to substantially all of the economic benefit
A. A buyer is obligated to pay the seller when control has passed to the buyer. Evidence of control included title has passed, physical possession, and the ability to receive substantially all of the economic benefit from the asset or the service.
6. A franchisor should record franchise fee revenue when
b. the franchisee begins operationsIncorrect
c. the franchisor and franchisee agree on the services to be provided
d. service is provided
7. Sales Returns are reported on the income statement
b. as an operating expense
c. at the time of the return
d. only if the goods are returned to inventory for a future sale
8. Unearned Franchise Revenue is recorded when
b. cash is received and the service has not been provided
c. cash is not yet received and the service has been provided
d. cash has been received and the service has been provided
9. A good or service is distinct when
b. The obligation is not highly interrelated with other goods or services in the contract
c. goods and services are not sold in a bundle
d. more than one of the above answers is correct
10. Which of the following are required for an agreement to be a contract for revenue recognition purposes?
b. both parties must sign the agreement
c. a receipt of an asset is expected
d. the seller must explicitly state the service
11. Hilton Road LLC provided legal services to Agee, Inc. between February 1st and July 30th of the current year. Agee, Inc. paid a retainer fee of $12,000 on February 1st when the two parties signed the contract. Additionally, Agee, Inc. paid $150 an hour for 20 hours of work each month, for a total of $18,000.
B. Determine the amount of unearned revenue that Hilton Road LLC will report on the April 30 balance sheet.
$12,000 = $2,000 each month revenue earned
$150 x 20 hours = $3,000 during April
Total Revenue for April $5,000
B. Retainer fee is earned at a rate of $2,000 each month February to April is 3 months earned
Total unearned revenue is $6,000 on April 30
12. Better Buy, Inc. began selling 2-year extended warranties for laptops and tablets for 20% of the price of the laptop or tablet in March of the current year. Approximately 30% of customers purchase an extended warranty. Sales of extended warranties (for cash) during March and April of the current year totaled $260,000 and $310,000, respectively. Better Buy, Inc. paid to replace $32,000 of laptops and tablets under warranty in April.
The extended warranties are a separate performance obligation. Revenue is recorded over the period of time the service is provided (2 years).
Unearned Revenue $260,000
Unearned Revenue $10,833
Warranty Revenue $10,833
($260,000 / 24 mo.)
Unearned Revenue $310,000
Unearned Revenue $23,750
Warranty Revenue $23,750
($260,000 / 24 mo.) + ($310,000 / 24 mo.)
$10,833 + $12,917 = $23,750
13. DellSoft, Inc. provides packaged software along with a 3-year service contract that includes annual software updates to customers for $10,000. The stand-alone fair market value of the software and service updates is $2,500 and $12,500, respectively. Customers must pay for the bundle upon receipt of the software. Control is considered to have passed to the customer when the customer achieves a successful implementation.
The software and the updates are separate performance obligations. The value of each performance obligation is allocated based on stand-alone fair market values:
1st: Allocate the total revenue to each component:
Record the cash received for the bundle of goods and services:
Unearned software revenue 10,000
Record revenue earned after implementation of the software:
Unearned revenue $1,667
Software revenue $1,667
1/3rd is recorded to revenue each year as the service is provided:
Unearned revenue $2,778
Software revenue $2,778
($8,333 / 3 years = $2,778 earned each year)